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31. Mikko Lavinto, Syksy Rasanen, Sebastian J. Szybka Average expansion rate and light propagation in a cosmological Tardis spacetime JCAP, vol. 12, p. 051 (2013). [abstract] [preprint] [journal] [download]  Abstract: We construct the first exact statistically homogeneous and isotropic cosmological solution in which inhomogeneity has a significant effect on the expansion rate. The universe is modelled as a Swiss Cheese, with Einsteinde Sitter background and inhomogeneous holes. We show that if the holes are described by the quasispherical Szekeres solution, their average expansion rate is close to the background under certain rather general conditions. We specialise to spherically symmetric holes and violate one of these conditions. As a result, the average expansion rate at late times grows relative to the background, i.e. backreaction is significant. The holes fit smoothly into the background, but are larger on the inside than a corresponding background domain: we call them Tardis regions. We study light propagation, find the effective equations of state and consider the relation of the spatially averaged expansion rate to the redshift and the angular diameter distance.  32. Christa R. Ölz, Sebastian J. Szybka Conformal and projection diagrams in LaTeX (2013). [abstract] [preprint]  Abstract: In general relativity, the causal structure of spacetime may sometimes be depicted by conformal CarterPenrose diagrams or a recent extension of these  the projection diagrams. The introduction of conformal diagrams in the sixties was one of the progenitors of the golden age of relativity. They are the key ingredient of many scientific papers. Unfortunately, drawing them in the form suitable for LaTeX documents is timeconsuming and not easy. We present below a library that allows one to draw an arbitrary conformal diagram in a few simple steps.  33. Leszek M. Soko³owski On the twin paradox in static spacetimes: I. Schwarzschild metric General Relativity and Gravitation, vol. 44, pp. 12671283 (2012). [abstract] [preprint]  Abstract: Abstract Motivated by a conjecture put forward by Abramowicz and Bajtlik we reconsider the twin paradox in static spacetimes. According to a well known theorem in Lorentzian geometry the longest timelike worldline between two given points is the unique geodesic line without points conjugate to the initial
point on the segment joining the two points. We calculate the proper times for static twins, for twins moving on a circular orbit (if it is a geodesic) around a centre of symmetry and for twins travelling on outgoing and ingoing radial timelike geodesics.We show that the twins on the radial geodesic worldlines are always the oldest ones and we explicitly find the the conjugate points (if they exist) outside the relevant segments. As it is of its own mathematical interest, we find general Jacobi vector fields on the geodesic lines under consideration. In the first part of the work we investigate Schwarzschild geometry.
Keywords twin paradox · static spacetimes · Jacobi fields · conjugate points
*supported by the grant from The John Templeton Foundation  34. Piotr T. Chru¶ciel, Christa R. Ölz, Sebastian J. Szybka Spacetime diagrammatics Phys. Rev. D: Part. Fields , vol. 86, p. 124041 (2012). [abstract] [preprint] [journal] [download]  Abstract: We introduce a new class of twodimensional diagrams, the \emph{projection diagrams}, as a tool to visualize the global structure of spacetimes. We construct the diagrams for several metrics of interest, including the KerrNewman  (anti) de Sitter family, with or without cosmological constant, and the EmparanReall black rings.  35. Sikora S, Bratek £., Ja³ocha J., Kutschera M. Gravitational microlensing as a test of a ﬁnitewidth disk model of the Galaxy Astron. Astrophys. , vol. 546, p. A126 (2012). [abstract] [preprint] [journal] [download]  Abstract: The aim of this work is to show, in the framework of a simple ﬁnitewidth disk model, that the amount of mass seen through
gravitational microlensing measurements in the region 0 < R < R◦ is consistent with the dynamical mass ascertained from Galaxy
rotation after subtracting gas contribution. Since microlensing only detects compact objects, this result suggests that a nonbaryonic mass component may be negligible in this region.
 36. Piotr T. Chru¶ciel, Micha³ Eckstein, Luc Nguyen and Sebastian J. Szybka Existence of singularities in twoKerr black holes Class. Quantum Grav., vol. 28, p. 245017 (2011). [abstract] [preprint] [journal]  Abstract: We show that the angular momentum—area inequality 8πJ ≤ A for weakly stable minimal surfaces would apply to I+regular manyKerr solutions, if any existed. Hence, we remove the undesirable hypothesis in the Hennig–Neugebauer proof of nonexistence of wellbehaved twocomponent solutions.
*supported by the grant from The John Templeton Foundation  
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